Landscape Transformation (raised river levels)

Extracts from the book: The Post-Glacial Flooding Hypothesis

When we put all the information about the Holocene together including the vast amounts of meltwater, Ice melt pulses, raised water table and increased precipitation, then we are left with evidence of increased water activity, volume and consequential raised river levels levels of the Holocene.

Figure 14. Shows the Discharge rates into the Wadden Sea for the last ten thousand years – see below for statistical details of the graph.  We have ‘smoothed’ the pulses (in green) to show the steady drop of river discharge (in blue) since the last ice age.

Table 3 – Wadden Sea statistics

BCEChange (mm) over – 500 yearsDischarge Ratio rate  – compared to  today = 1Adjusted Ratio for Discharge – PulsesPrecipitation levels mm pa
950 AD5011450
450 AD40088430
5030066440
55040088440
105035077450
155035077375
205040088440
25505001010550
305010002020550
355010002020460
405015003030450
455015003030525
505015003030625
55506500130 *50640
605040008070670
65507000140 *90630
70506000120120600
75507000140140400

*   Meltwater Pulse – see figure 8.

We have added the increased precipitation (in yellow) during this period to indicate the reasons for the river flooding events we will show in the following sections. 

Therefore the blue ‘discharge’ line on the graph is an indication of the volume discharge and hence the size and height of rivers over the last ten thousand years – the chart uses today’s discharge rate (950 AD) representing one unit, to give us a simple visual comparison to previous years as a ratio of size – hence 8050 BCE the rivers were 140 times larger than today.

More information on raised river levels can be found at:https://youtu.be/j5LJ2sGcKOA